The choice of protective equipment in emergency rescue

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Emergency rescue is the most effective action to save lives and reduce losses in the event of a disaster. However, emergency rescue workers often face multiple hazards in disaster relief. For example, during the “5.12” earthquake relief work, due to the high risk of the Sichuan earthquake, the terrain is complex and the climate is changeable; aftershocks continue, and secondary disasters such as landslides and mudslides threaten people’s lives and safety at any time. Individual protection for emergency rescue workers, choosing appropriate personal protective equipment for them, and ensuring their safety and health is a very important aspect of making emergency rescue and winning disaster relief.

As emergency rescue personnel, before participating in disaster relief operations, the nature of disasters and the actual needs of rescue workers should be considered and selected and equipped with personal protective equipment. There are 12 kinds of commonly used personal protective equipment, including helmets, dust-proof and impact-resistant goggles, dust and epidemic prevention masks, shoulder pads, protective gloves and protective sleeves, reflective protective clothing and reflective vests, raincoats, and moth-proof and thorn-proof. Wear safety shoes, non-slip shoes, safety belts, water life jackets, lifebuoys and sleeping bags.

helmet

The safety helmet is mainly used to protect the head from being bruised. There have been reports that electric power repair personnel were headed to death in gangues. According to the TV screen of the disaster relief scene in Sichuan, there are two kinds of helmets worn by military and police personnel. One is a bulletproof helmet and the other is a helmet. These two kinds of helmets can prevent bruises. Civilian safety helmets are mainly FRP helmets and plastic safety helmets. These two kinds of helmets are not only suitable for first-line combat personnel to choose to wear, but also second-line indoor workers and volunteers should wear it to prevent bruises to the head during the aftershocks. If you are in cold or cold areas, you should choose to wear a cold helmet.

Dust and impact protection goggles

Dust-proof and impact-resistant goggles can be used to prevent eye damage caused by sand, gravel, and sharp objects. The eye protection lens should be able to withstand the impact of free fall of a steel ball with a diameter of 22mm and a weight of 45g at a height of 1.3m without breaking. Anti-dust and anti-impact goggles are currently on sale in the monopoly market.

Dust-proof and epidemic prevention mask

Dust-proof and epidemic prevention masks are used to prevent people from suffering from pneumoconiosis and respiratory infections in the dust environment for a long time. The dust mask chosen must meet the technical requirements of the national standard GB 2626-1997. The choice of medical protective masks should meet the requirements of GB 19083-2003. Special attention should be paid to the fact that gauze masks cannot be used to prevent respiratory viral infections, which has been banned by the state. Because gauze masks have a dust blocking efficiency of only about 10% for dust below 5 μm.

Shoulders

The shoulder pad is a circular “pad shoulder” that is quilted with canvas on the shoulders of the human body to protect the shoulder from being hurt when lifting or carrying heavy objects. It is especially suitable for use in transporting wounded people, materials, and shoulders to rescue the wounded at the scene of disaster relief. In the 20th century, in the 20th century, in the 20th century, the earthwork construction of water conservancy projects had generally used shoulder protection as a protective product. No production is currently available, and production and supply can be organized at any time when necessary.

Protective gloves and protective sleeves

Protective gloves protect the rescue personnel from injury when transporting supplies, rescuing and transporting wounded personnel from the rubble, and protective cuffs are used to protect the forearm or the full arm from injury. A wide range of emergency rescue gloves, the most used is the mechanical damage prevention gloves, including cold gloves, anti-vibration gloves, etc., the material is divided into cloth gloves, yarn gloves, leather gloves and coated gloves.

raincoat

It is suitable for wearing in the rain, and cold when it is cold. There are two types of styles (raincoats and rain pants) and one-piece (raincoats, capes). The split style is flexible and recommended. Raincoats are available in squeegee coatings, polyurethane coatings, and PTFE coatings. Squeegee coated raincoat is airtight and has poor comfort. Polyurethane coated raincoat has good air permeability and moderate price. PTFE coated raincoat has the best air permeability, best comfort and higher price. The above product markets have sales.

Anti-piercing and piercing safety shoes

The front part of the puncture-proof and puncture-proof safety shoes is equipped with a steel baotou to protect the foot surface from being injured. The middle bottom of the shoe is provided with a puncture-proof layer, which can endure the puncture force of 1100N. It is especially suitable for the rescue of wounded people in rubble rubble and for wearing in rugged jungles. In emergency, you can add a pair of anti-puncture insole in the ordinary shoes (must be able to withstand the puncture force of 1100N), it can also play a puncture-proof effect. The puncture-proof puncture safety shoes are preferably high-waist to protect the ankle and reduce bruising.

Anti-slip shoes card

In the fight against snow, ice, and freezing disasters in 2008, due to snow and ice cover on roads, the anti-slip function of rescue and rescued personnel's soles was insufficient to cope with special circumstances, and people often slipped and fell. At this time should choose the non-slip shoe card, that is, in the front of the shoe with a special non-slip function of the shoe card, so that the card under the nail into the road ice, help people stand firm, no longer wrestling. At present, such shoes are sold abroad, and domestic companies are also developing.

seat belt

In general, safety belts can be divided into seat belts used for electric poles, such as electricians and telecom operators, seat belts for construction and installation, and seat belts that need to be climbed up to the top of the chimneys, towers, and water towers. Every step in the emergency rescue should be equipped with safety belts for the ascending operations personnel to ensure the safety of high operations.

Water life jacket and life buoy

Water life jackets and lifebuoys are critical supplies that need to be provided for disaster relief personnel and rescued personnel in flood relief operations. The relevant national standards have strict technical regulations for the performance of life jackets and life preservers. When purchasing, it is necessary to carefully check whether they meet the requirements of national standards.

sleeping bag

The sleeping bag is equipped with chemical fiber thermal insulation material and is made of waterproof, moisture-permeable and chemical fiber fabrics. Because the sleeping bag is small and well-operated, people can sleep in dry sleeping bags to prevent cold and humidity and reduce illness. Therefore, they are particularly suitable for outdoor and field rescue use.

Reflective protective clothing and reflective vest

The personnel who rescue, construct, and transport materials at night use it to make it easier for others to discover the target and prevent personal accidents.

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